A lakeside hamlet

After falling into disuse for two centuries, the old pottery workshop on the shores of the Etang de Thau was re-occupied in the early 5th century CE. For the most part, the refurbishment efforts did not avail themselves of the ruins of the previous occupation. Small-scale structures of between 50 and 100 sq. metres, corresponded to houses. The best-preserved of these reveal fairly rudimentary fittings, such as a hearth made of a large brick, or wedges for wooden supports against the walls. Several infant burial sites indicate the presence of family groups. Food waste pits were dug nearby, with a greater concentration towards the shore.

This small village consisted of peasants, fishermen and potters, although these activities may have been practiced by everyone, depending on the season. To the west of the houses, pottery installations were set up around a deep earth-pit. Basins for preparing the clay stood alongside four kilns for firing tiles, tubuli and tableware. To the north, one finds ditches for wine-making vats and a forge for maintaining equipment. Fishing activities may be assumed from the presence of lead net weights, as well as fish remains and mussel shells, concentrated in an area to the east of the lagoon shore.

Medias

The shorefront establishment of Bourbou in the early 5th century CE

A hamlet occupied the ruins of the Early Empire workshop. There was a sector devoted to habitation, with, on the margins, zones for pottery production, agricultural activities and – closer to the shore – exploitation of the lagoon's resources.
© Ch. Pellecuer, MCC-DRAC Languedoc-Roussillon
Interactive document - Group of kilns from Late Antiquity

Group of kilns from Late Antiquity

These kilns were used successively during the Late Antiquity period of activity, built around a clay quarry filled in with production waste.
© ArchéOfactory
Interactive document - Fishing equipment

Fishing equipment

Lead weights, shuttle for net-mending and bronze fish-hook.
© Fonds Villa-Loupian, CCNBT