The residence over time

There are many indications that the villa was occupied for a long period, including the renovation of damaged mosaics and repairs to brickwork. Nevertheless, other clues, such as the limited presence of 4th- and 5th-century ceramics indicate that, after a remarkable transformation, a lengthy period of recession set in that led to the estate being abandoned.

The residential portion was modified, with the elimination of two of the trilobed room's secondary apses. Doors were closed up and others created, thus changing how one moved through the rooms. Gaps in worn mosaics were filled in with white tesserae or mortar, and the painted walls were repaired in order to keep a portion of the apartment in liveable condition. On the other hand, the original function of the room AA' was eliminated, with the removal of the marble panelling. A coating of tile-fragment cement was laid over the mosaics. This large space was turned into a utilitarian area, possibly a storeroom.

Lean-tos were added onto the facades as needed. The courtyard slowly lost its peristyle gallery and its garden role. New types of utilitarian constructions populated this open area, like a shed that was excavated. These transformations that affected the villa's appearance went hand-in-hand with new living conditions for its final occupants at the dawn of the Middle Ages.


Interactive document - Lean-to room

Lean-to room

Room built against the southern wall of the residential apartments.
© ArchéOfactory
Interactive document - Floor of a shed found during excavation

Floor of a shed found during excavation

This preserved section should be protected by a light structure that is raised off the ground. This was a utilitarian construction.
© ArchéOfactory
Interactive document - African ceramic dish, classified as Claire D, from the early 5th century

African ceramic dish, classified as Claire D, from the early 5th century

In Late Antiquity, southern Gaul was still was still receiving significant imports from the African provinces and the eastern parts of the Empire.
© Fonds Villa-Loupian, CCNBT